História

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São Sebastião

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A origem desta cidade está inserida na história da ocupação humana do Distrito Federal, desde 10.000 anos até o momento presente.

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A primeira ocupação ocorreu entre 10.000 e 7.000 anos, provavelmente por grupos de caçadores e coletores, no chamado “período da pedra lascada”. O segundo momento ocorreu a partir de 4.000 anos, com os grupos Kaypó e Tupi-Guarani. Em 1722, o bandeirante paulista Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva atravessa o DF, em busca de ouro. Tem início uma outra ocupação, paulista, com o surgimento de cidades e estradas reais. Em 1956, começa a construção de Brasília e São Sebastião vai ter uma participação importante neste momento, a partir das olarias de tijolos.

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Passada a construção, outros tipos de ocupação vão surgindo até a criação da Região Administrativa de São Sebastião. Até 1993 a Agrovila São Sebastião fazia parte da RA VII – Paranoá, quando por meio da Lei no 467/93, foi criada a Região Administrativa São Sebastião. As terras que hoje constituem a Região Administrativa XIV pertenciam, antes da mudança da nova capital, às fazendas Taboquinha, Papuda e Cachoeirinha. Com o início das obras da construção de Brasília, essas fazendas foram parcialmente desapropriadas e nelas se instalaram pessoas que exploravam o comércio.

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No princípio a Agrovila era habitada por comerciantes de areia, cerâmica e olaria que forneciam material para a construção de Brasília. Com a desativação dos trabalhos de olaria o núcleo urbano foi sendo estruturado aos poucos, ao longo do Córrego Mata Grande e Ribeirão Santo Antônio da Papuda, como resultado do parcelamento do solo. A intensificação da imigração provocou o surgimento de várias invasões de áreas públicas no Distrito Federal que, posteriormente, foram removidas para a localidade.

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